Generally drug addiction is defined as a brain disease which is characterized by compulsive, uncontrollable, craving for drug and seeking its use in the face of extremely negative consequences. This behavior is the result of the effects of prolonged use of drug on the functioning of brain. In due course drug addiction turns chronic and even after a certain period of abstinence might relapse.
Drug Addiction Detox
Drug addiction detox is the process of intervention in a case of dependence on a drug and experience of a withdrawal syndrome. Detox programs for dependence on drugs mostly do not address the complex behavioral issues that lead to addiction.
Three Step Process:
Basically drug detox consists of three steps that are evaluation, stabilization and treatment. Evaluation is all about the determining the substances to which the patient is addicted by testing his or her blood samples. During stabilization the process of detoxification that best suits the patient is recommended. Stabilization is possible with or without medications. For most patients with medications seem to be the right or the only option. The final step of this detox process is the actual treatment and the recovery process. The patient has to choose either residential or outpatient treatment.
Rise of Drug Addiction in New York
New York City is the most populous city in the United States with 18.9 million people in the New York City Metropolitan Area.
An intricate web of drug trafficking formed by different organizations from varied ethnic backgrounds and countries transport drugs into New York and manage the street-level distribution network through local gangs like Latin Kings, Bloods and others. The availability and accessibility of drugs has lead to a rise in drug addiction in the city of New York.
New York has one of the best transportation systems, business infrastructure, biggest container port on East Coast and International airport and traffickers use these services in part because they can track their packages online.
Most Addictive Drugs
Some of the most addictive drugs used in New York are heroin, cocaine, marijuana, party drugs such as Ecstasy, methamphetamine and prescription drugs in that order. Addiction to heroin is rising in upstate New York, with increasing number of rural users getting involved with the drug.
Effects of Drug Addiction
- Repeated use causes violent behavior, psychosis and mood swings.
- Increased risk of heart attack or stroke.
- Develop pulmonary issues, such as pneumonia.
- Develop collapsed veins, liver disease and infections in the heart and valves.
- Lose concentration easily and become dizzy and fatigued.
- Sleep problems, breathing difficulties, chronic fatigue and depression.
- Increase your risk of developing high blood sugar and diabetes.